For most individuals, the big toe will tend to lean towards the others as they grow old. When this starts to happen the base of the toe will also push outwards against the metatarsal bone that is just behind it and this results to what scientists refer to as hallux valgus or bunion.
This condition is what leads to the formation of a bump on the sides, and there is also thickening of the tissue and skin around the affected joint. Also, in most instances, the thick skin will become swollen and painful.
What Are The Common Causes And Symptoms Of Bunions?
Understanding the causes and symptoms that come with bunions is the first step when dealing with this problem. The primary underlying cause of this foot problem is a deformity of the joint where the big toe combines with the rest of the foot. This deformity is what scientists refer to as hallux valgus, and it entails formation of a prominent sideways angle in the joint. In most instances, doctors are not able to point out the exact cause of the deformity, but research shows that it might be as a result of some genetic tendency that causes some people to have weakness on this joint.
Wearing improper fitting shoes or closed ones that are too tight can also lead to the problem or make it worse. This fact is what makes it more common in women than men because most ladies tend to wear very tight shoes. Tight shoes put more pressure on the big toe and also cause friction between the footwear and overlying skin. Also, age is a contributing factor to the problem because as you age your feet tend to spread which makes the deformity worse.
The main and obvious symptom of bunions is a bony bump on the joint where your toe unites with the rest of the foot. Also, the bump will stick out at an angle and hence force your big toe to lean towards the others. Sometimes the bunion will turn red, swell, feel tender when you touch it and even hurt when you wear closed shoes. In other cases, the bump will become shiny, and it might even feel warm when you touch.
Five Ways To Bunion Pain Relief Without Surgery
Bunions will reduce your pace and hence also hamper your productivity, and this means that if you do not get rid of them, they will affect different aspects of your life. Surgery is what most people will turn to as it is a permanent remedy. But, just like with any other invasive procedure, it is risky and also very expensive. After the surgery, you will also need to wear a cast and keep off weight from that foot for several weeks which means that you will end up wasting a lot of time. Before you consider going for surgery here is how to Bunion Pain Relief naturally.
1. Change Your Shoes
Your footwear might be the main reasons why you have bunions, and so the first step should always be to review them. Get rid of any tightly closed shoes and those that do not fit you well and buy the particular types that individuals with bunions should wear. Doctors recommend that you go for footwear that has wide toe box as they allow your feet to spread and has soft soles, wide insteps, is lightweight and without heel elevation. Also, make sure that you check the size every year and make adjustments if necessary. Check out here to read how to choose The best shoes for standing all day.
2. Toe Exercises
Any exercise that will help strengthen the muscles in your foot that are responsible for the flexibility of the big toe will be very helpful when dealing with bunions. One of the most useful exercises entails stretching the toes with an elastic band. You should place the band around the big toes and turn your feet outwards slowly. Make sure that you move the feet until you feel a stretch on the toes and hold that position for about a minute. You should then relax for a minute and then repeat the process for a quarter an hour and at least twice daily.
3. Wear Shoe Inserts Or Bunion Pad
If you notice the bunion at the early stages, a bunion pad or a shoe insert might be all you need to alleviate the pain and to restore the toe to its normal directions. You can get this pad from a pharmacy, but consistency is the key to its effectiveness. Make sure that you wear it for as many hours as possible, and this is more so when you are wearing shoes. Fastening your toes in their normal alignment position for a week or two can also be an efficient method of getting rid of the bumps.
4. Massaging The Big Toes
Caressing your big toes will help relieve the pain and can also help with realignment. To do it well you should start by applying cream to the affected joint and stretch the toe so that it can realign with the others. While holding the toe with one hand, you should use your thumb to apply some pressure to the metatarsal bones (the first and second) so that you can locate the lump.
Once you find the bony lump, the next step is to apply some gentle pressure on it to push it downwards. This press makes the toe more flexible, and you should repeat it every day or have a professional do it for you a few times every week.
5. Ease The Pain
It is important to know how to Bunion Pain Relief because it can make walking unpleasant for you. Getting rid of this foot problem should always involve reducing the pain because this is what will affect your life most.
There are various things that one can do about the pain, and an ice pack compress should always be one of them as it provides fast relief. A salt soak is also a useful way of soothing the irritated and sore feet, but you have to get the right salt. Also, chamomile, lavender oil, hot water compress, bay leaves and red pepper can also offer you some relief.
The bony lumps on your feet can be very painful, and they might also make it impossible for you to wear your favorite shoes. And so it is important to know how to Bunion Pain Relief, and the good thing is that you do not always have to go for surgery. The remedies above are very useful when it comes to dealing with the condition, but it is always an excellent idea to talk to your doctor for more advice.